Standards and protocols are technical rules and conventions that enable compatibility and therefore facilitate communication or interoperability between different IT systems and their components. They might govern the design and use of hardware, software and information. For example, the communication protocols used on the internet, the ASCII representations for characters, or the design of the printer port on a personal computer are all governed by standards.

Our Definition:
Group of rules set up in a society that determine rules not only on the internet but also in daily life. For example, in the workplace or in schools. These standards can differ depending on the society in which they were made.
Govern the use of hardware and software in a society.

Why are standards and protocols important?
They set the guidelines in a society, they are their expectations and organization of a society.
How do Standards and Protocols affect our lives?
We follow standards and protocols every day of our lives, so it affects our actions and sometimes even our morals.

Niki Marie and Tiyana


  • network layer concerned with physical connection between nodes
  • internet layer deals with addressing and fragmentation of packets ...
  • transport layer provides reliable connections (for TCP) between processes on hosts
  • application layer contains protocols used by applications"